Prices of building materials in Nigeria continue to rise to levels that are unaffordable to a large number of people. This is more so the case especially to middle and low income earners aspiring to build their own homes.
Nigeria has a housing deficit estimated at 17m. According to chief investment officer at Natanel Florens Oguche Aguda, home penetration in the country is just 10%. This means that 90% of the population is renting or living in rented accommodation. The housing stock in the country is estimated at 13m units, 5% of which is in formal mortgage. The remaining 95% is considered ‘dead assets.’
The price of cement is now peaking at 87% to $7.84 per 50 kg bag, as at June this year. This is a significant price jump for a product that was sold for $4.2 per bag in October 2016. Virtually all the materials have seen price increases, differing only in degree. The prices of cables and Harvey roof tiles have gone up 138% and 93% respectively to $164.2 per ton and $30.8 per length. This is an increase from last year’s $44.8 and $15.96.
The price of Aluminum roofing sheets (0.55mm) has gone up from $4.34 per length to $4 per length. This represents a 61% increase in just 12 months. The price of colored emulsion paint has risen by 41% to $33.6 per bucket.
Until May 2017 when inflation rate came down to 16.25% annually, it had peaked at 18.72%. This impacted negatively on commodity prices. This figure represents the fourth consecutive decline in the rate of inflation since January this year. Though economists say inflation is currently moderating on a year-on-year basis, it is yet to reflect on commodity prices.