The EuroAfrica (Egypt-Greece) Interconnector, which is also known as the Egypt-Greece Interconnector is a 1,396-kilometre high-voltage direct current (HVDC) subsea power cable that is being developed to link Egypt with Cypriot and Greek power grids through the island of Crete.
The project is being implemented in two phases. In the first phase, the cable will start from Kafresh-Sheikh in Egypt, run for approximately 498 kilometers across the sea to Kofinou in Cyprus while in the second phase it will run westwards from Kofinou, and take a subsea route to Korakia in Crete, the largest of the Greek islands. The distance from Kofinou to Korakia is approximately 898 kilometers or its thereabouts.
The lowest laying point for the subsea cable will be 3,000m below sea level in the Mediterranean Sea, making it the world’s deepest undersea cable.
It (the cable) will be connected to three HVDC onshore converter stations with multi-terminal operations, which will be constructed as part of the project at Kafresh-Sheikh, Kofinou, and Korakia. Incorporating the voltage source converters (VSC) technology, the converter stations are mainly meant to convert electricity from direct current (DC) to alternating current (AC) and vice versa.
Noteworthy, the converter stations are bipolar and could run bi-directionally, this means electricity can be imported or exported depending on demand in the beneficiary countries.
When fully operational expectedly by 2024, the EuroAfrica Interconnector will have the capacity to transmit (to either direction) 2,000 megawatts of electricity, which is enough to power up to two million households. Upon the completion of its first phase (in 2023), it will transmit 1,000 megawatts of electricity.
The EuroAfrica Interconnector Project is developed by EuroAfrica Interconnector.
Siemens AG was selected as the preferred engineering, procurement, construction, and installation (EPCI) contractor for the HVDC converter station in Egypt.
In February, EuroAfrica Interconnector and the Egypt Electricity Company signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for the execution of the project studies.
In February, the landing points, the exact route of the EuroAfrica interconnector cable, and sites of the HVDC converter stations were approved.
In March, a strategic alliance agreement was signed between Elia Grid International (EGI), a subsidiary of Belgium’s Elia Group, and EuroAfrica Interconnector for the development and implementation of the project.
In May, a framework agreement to implement the cable system’s construction was signed.
In June, a 33-year land lease agreement for the HVDC converter station in Cyprus was signed.
In April, engineering, procurement, construction, and installation (EPCI) contractor for the HVDC converter station in Egypt was selected.
At the end of July, the Council of the European Union approved a grant of close to US$ 117M for the project as part of the Recovery and Resilience Plan (RES), to lift the energy isolation of Cyprus, the last non-interconnected EU member state and to help the development of a sustainable and green economy.
On 7 September, the European Commission announced a tender that will allow companies to get funding from the Connecting Europe Facility (CEF). Reportedly, following this development, the project implementer will be able to apply and receive part of the required amount for the construction costs of the project.
The application for funding will concern, at this stage, the part of the project that connects Cyprus with Crete. The total amount of funding can be up to 50 percent of the total cost.