One of the most significant projects in Djibouti’s renewable energy sector is the construction of the Djibouti Wind Power Project. This project is being developed by the Djibouti Electricity Authority (EDD) in partnership with the African Development Bank (AfDB). Importantly, it aims to install 60 MW of wind power capacity in the country. Once completed, the wind farm will significantly increase Djibouti’s renewable energy capacity and reduce its dependence on imported fossil fuels. The project is expected to be completed by 2023. Additionally, the project will contribute to the country’s goal of sourcing 100% of its energy from renewable sources by 2030.
Another major initiative in Djibouti’s renewable energy sector is the development of geothermal energy resources. The country is located in the East African Rift System, which is known for its abundant geothermal potential. In 2013, the Djibouti government launched the Geothermal Energy Development Authority (ODDEG) to explore and develop the country’s geothermal resources. Since then, several geothermal exploration projects have been initiated, with the most promising sites being located in the regions of Asal, Fiale, and Goubet.
Significance of the renewable energy plants in Djibouti
In addition to wind and geothermal energy, Djibouti is also exploring the potential of solar power. The country receives an average of 3,000 hours of sunshine per year, making it an ideal location for solar energy production. In 2017, the government announced plans to build a 300 MW solar power plant in the Grand Bara desert. The project is being developed in partnership with Green Enesys, a Swiss energy company, was expected to be completed by 2021. Once operational, the plant will significantly increase Djibouti’s renewable energy capacity and contribute to its goal of becoming a regional energy hub.
Additionally, Djibouti has invested in construction of new high-voltage transmission line that connect its national grid to Ethiopia’s power grid. This project is financed by the World Bank, will enable Djibouti to import electricity from Ethiopia. The transmission line was expected to be completed by 2021 and will help to stabilize Djibouti’s power supply. Moreover, the project will assist Djibouti to reduce its reliance on fossil fuels.