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7 proper steps to follow when wiring your house

Your home’s electrical system is a complex system and knowing how it works will help you be a more “empowered homeowner”. Some areas do not allow an unlicensed home owner to wire his own house because of the risk of an electrical fire from faulty wiring. However, one can still do so under the direction of a licensed electrician. In other areas, especially in rural locations, you are free to wire your house.

The following are the proper steps to follow when wiring your house.

  1. Design a writing diagram

Design a wiring diagram which shows the location of the breaker box and the path of the wires to each outlet.

  1. Install conduits

Start by running the longest wires first to avoid wastage conduits in walls even if you don’t anticipate using them right away. Start each wire upstairs and pull it through to the basement. This way, you do not use a ladder to push the wire up between floors.

You should also leave at least one foot of extra wire at each end just in case you need to move things around later.

  1. Know outlet count

Determine how many outlets and switches will run on one circuit. Normally, six outlets per a 110-voltage circuit is advisable in a living area, while as few as two per circuit are the standard in a kitchen, where appliances use more wattage.

  1. Drill wire holes

Before drilling any holes, make sure you know what is on the other side of the wall/floor to avoid drilling through any electrical wires, ductwork, or water pipes. Proceed by drilling holes with a 1-inch bit in the middle of the studs where your wires will travel. The more outlets you have, the safer your home.

  1. Set a breaker

Set your breaker box where you can easily access it in the future. A location in a basement or a utility room is desirable.

  1. Pull the wires to the outlets

Place the roll of wire next to the breaker box and pull the wire according to your diagram to the closest outlet or switch for each circuit. You can also run the wires straight through the box. Any wires sticking out of the box may just get dry walled over or could get cut from the electrical box.

Use wire strippers to remove the outer plastic coating from the ends of the wires and attach them, according to the instructions on the box, at each outlet, fixture or switch.

  1. Install the circuits

Install individual circuits for each wiring set. The circuits must match the amperage of the wire and the intended purpose of the outlet.

Dennis Ayemba
Country/ Features Editor, Kenya

47 COMMENTS

  1. A professional electrician knows how to upgrade your wiring to eliminate the damage. You could end up in a hospital with severe injuries from an electrical shock. It could also get worse.

  2. Thanks for explaining that it’s important to know how many outlets will run on one circuit when you’re rewiring your home. My husband and I would like to finally finish our basement, and we are trying to figure out all the electrical that will go down there. Since we don’t know how many circuits or switches we will need, I think it would be smart to hire a professional electrician that can help figure everything out and make sure it’s done correctly.

  3. The wiring for the lights and switches is running through the roof, the socket’s wiring is running through the floor, that is how it is installed when a house is newly built. what to do when you want to install extra sockets in and existing house, can the wiring also run up the wall and through the roof within conduct?

  4. Wow it’s awesome my dear but even if you want someone to do it for you
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  5. To get clear details about the topic you should come over here, it states about 7 proper steps to follow when wiring your house. I really loved it and thank you very much for sharing this with us. You have a great visualization and you have really presented this content in a really good manner.

  6. Dennis… nice piece; but I would be remiss if I did not bring to your attention and early mistake you made with the English language. Reference the top left corner of the title page and noticed the reference to tidbits was actually written as “tit” bits. A comical error, but nonetheless some very narrowminded bitter circles may consider this faux pas offensive. If such a circle is found, Laugh as I will. Logan

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  8. This is very nice and interesting #valid thanks am actually learning electrical engineering as a handwork and pursuing civil engineering as a career this ur blog is really helpful pls i want ur contact i want to be keeping in touch with you…

  9. Information like this is extremely valuable. I cannot stress the importance of safety when it comes to wiring your home. Always be safe and make sure the job is correct if you want to prevent a fire. I would recommend this read to anyone interested in doing their own wiring. Proper supervision for a job like this is very important as stated so make sure a licensed electrician is there with you, or just hire him for the job!

  10. thank you so much l have got 3 houses needed to be re-wiring lm going to use your idea which l read and make more money

  11. It makes a lot of sense to put the breaker box in a very easily accessible location so that work can be done in the future. My brother is trying to build an addition on his house and garage this spring and he needs help. I think it’s time to hire an electrician that can do all of this work safely and efficiently.

  12. Awesome! No words. You always go one step beyond.

    There is so much great, useful information here. Thank you! Thank you! Thank you!

    Thanks again 🙂

  13. That’s good to know that you would have to do things like install conduits and thing like that to rewire your house. that sounds a bit more complicated than I was expecting it to be. I should consider getting someone to do that for me since I am not sure that I would be able to do that safely.

  14. The blog is very useful. Thank you for sharing this wonderful informative blog.

  15. Comment: thanks for writing this piece on how to wire properly.
    I learn something after reading it
    I will like to learn more if u can give the opportunity to follow you
    am in Ghana and you
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  16. My family has been doing some construction on our home recently and I think that it’s important for us to rewire our home correctly. I’ll take your advice and only put a few outlets in each area of the home so we don’t overload anything. Hiring an experienced electrician to help us with this project would allow us to focus on other things.

  17. I am not aware there are lots of safety concerns with this. I will be eternally thankful that I read this piece and it can save lives as well.

  18. Great, thank you for sharing a very informative article with us. This is true that we need an electrician every year for this repetition could we have an experienced electrician who can arrange each and everything in the manner. You can call us for this electrical problem at this number 1800205219

  19. Yes, you are right it will be very helpful to follow these steps to avoid any type of electrical problem in the future. Sometimes an electrical system will display signs when there are potential problems. Bad quality of electrical wiring can affect the functioning of electrical appliances. There are various equipment available to maintain the quality of your electrical system. Use a good quality of wire that will be long-lasting and protects the home with any type of electrical issue. I have heard about Electricians Exton PA who are specialist in all type of electrical works.

  20. I like how you mentioned using a wiring diagram that shows the path of each outlet. Having a solid plan makes any project go for mo smoothly. If I ever look for electrical services, I’d hope they’d do something similar when working on my house.

  21. This is very interesting. I will definitely start putting more time into something like this. Definitely sounds like it will be very beneficial in the long run.

  22. Great post! First of all, i want to thanks to this site,its really a amazing place where anyone can enhance his/her knowledge related to electrical designing. Each step were explained very clearly. It’s easy to understand for me. keep up the immense work!

  23. Thank you for pointing out that you should make sure you design a diagram so you know where each wire in the breaker box is. My husband and I are needing a new breaker box and want to find the best electrician in our area. I”ll have to look into finding the best electrician in my area.

  24. I truly enlivened by your blog since you have the best data about legitimate strides to pursue when wiring your house,who causes us each opportunity to take care from electric charger. A debt of gratitude is in order for sharing this.

  25. I want to make sure that I wire my house properly. I didn’t even think about setting a breaker and everything! Maybe it would be a good idea for me to get a professional to handle it. They have the proper training to get it done easily.

  26. As someone who is interesting in building a new home, I find your article about wiring houses as very informative. My favorite part was when you said that one can be “empowered” once properly finished. In my situation, however, I would rather have a professional have mine wired. This is to make sure that not only will the entire house be supplied with the proper electricity but also make sure that its construction follows local ordinances and other legal agenda.

  27. I really inspired by your blog because you have the best information about proper steps to follow when wiring your house,who helps us every time to take care from electric charger. Thanks for sharing this.

  28. Thanks for the information that you should check what is on the other side of the wall or floor before drilling to make sure you don’t hit any electrical wires, ductwork, or water pipes. My mom’s house was built in the ’50s so she wants to have it rewired to make sure everything is up to code. I’m not sure how to check what’s on the other side of a wall so we’ll have to find a professional that knows electrical design that can rewire the house for us.

  29. Excellent and helpful post. I am so glad to leave a comment on this. This has been so interesting ..I appreciate your effort. It really teaches me a lot. Big Thumbs up for the effort. Use wire strippers to remove the outer plastic coating from the ends of the wires and attach them, according to the instructions on the box, at each outlet, fixture or switch.

  30. Thanks for helping me understand that the breaker should be installed in an area where you can easily access it. I think that is important since it can prevent further emergency situations if you can switch off the breaker immediately. I will tell this to the electricians that we are going to hire when it is time to install wirings and everything related to electricity in our newly constructed house. As of now, the contractors are still in the finishing process of the roof.

  31. Thanks for your article. The above steps are very exact and i also think the everyone should also think to have annual electrical maintenance checks. There are some reasons why annual electrical inspections is a must for every home or business like 1. fire safety 2. Safety of the occupants 3. Adherence to Government Electrical Standards.

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