Africa is growing day by day and the burgeoning middle class continues to drive demand for sustainable social infrastructure. Work is currently underway on some of the biggest construction projects ever completed in the continent as it strives to support the fast growing population.
The following are the top ongoing mega projects in the continent
Grand Inga Dam-Congo
The Grand Inga Dam is the world’s largest suggested hydropower scheme being constructed on Congo River in the Democratic Republic of Congo. It is the cornerstone of a grand vision to help a continent-wide power system.
The project is estimated to produce 40000MW of power. This is enough to provide power to nearly half of the continent and nearly twice as much as the Three Gorges dam in China. The project is predicted that about US $80bn could be enough to develop the project. This will include placing of transmission lines across the continent.
Dangote Oil Refinery-Nigeria
The Dangote Oil refinery project is set to be world’s largest single oil refinery. Situated in Nigeria, the facility will produce a capacity of 650,000 barrels per day and will boost economic growth in Nigeria and generate thousands of jobs.
The refinery project will cost a whopping US $14bn and once complete, the planned refinery and petrochemical complex is expected to account for half of Africa’s richest man, Aliko Dangote’s sprawling assets. It is also expected to increase the country’s oil exports and reduce its reliance on imports of petroleum products.
Egypt’s New capital city
Egypt’s spanking new capital rising up out of the desert sands is set to bring a breath of fresh air to Cairo that is weighed down by it’s population that continues to rise putting a strain on existing infrastructure.
Located 45 kilometres east of Cairo, the smart city has 21 residential districts and 25 commercial districts. The city will have a recreation park double the size of New York City’s Central Park, 90 square kilometres of solar energy farms, and several artificial lakes. The new capital is expected to draw a population of 7 million people in its first phase.
Konza Technology City-Kenya
Konza Technology City is a smart city project that is coming up in the Eastern part of the country. The project is part of the country’s Vision 2030 blueprint and expected to generate about 17,000 direct high-value jobs, and a further 68,000 indirect jobs once completed.
The project which is located 64 kilometres south of the capital Nairobi, is modelled around the US Silicon Valley hence the moniker “African Silicon Savanna”. It targets business process outsourcing, software development, data centres, disaster recovery centres, call centres, light manufacturing industries, and research institutions. The projects cost is US $14.5bn
Kenya Standard Gauge Railway
Kenya is building a 969 km standard gauge railway from Mombasa to Malaba at a cost of $9.9 billion. This has been billed as one of the largest and most ambitious transport infrastructure projects in Africa.
Phase one of the project spans 472km from Mombasa to Nairobi and has been completed at a cost of US $3.27 bn while phase 2A from Nairobi to Naivasha (120km) was constructed at a cost of US $1.5bn. The railway line is expected to move to Kisumu at a cost of US $3.7bn.