Shell and Eneco’s joint venture, Ecowende, has sealed a bid to construct a 760MW offshore wind facility at Hollandse Kust (west) VI in the Netherlands. The offshore wind farm, which is about 53 km from the Dutch coast, is slated to start operating in 2026.
Once operational, it will produce enough clean energy to reduce carbon emissions by about 3% of current electricity demand in the Netherlands. The wind farm’s final investment decision has already been made by Shell and Eneco.
Ecowende will construct and run the environmentally friendly offshore wind farm in Dutch waters. This is according to the terms of the agreement. Consequently, the work for the offshore wind facility at Hollandse Kust intends to take a number of steps. These include positioning the wind turbine so that it creates a corridor for birds to fly through.
Ecowende will also make use of ‘innovative’ wind turbine foundation techniques. It will help to make sure the project has the least possible negative impact on marine mammals and other marine life. In order to increase biodiversity, it also plans to build natural reef structures on the sea bed.
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The offshore wind facility at Hollandse Kust will offer more and cleaner energy.
“With Ecowende, we will take a huge step in growing our offshore wind portfolio. This is while making a positive contribution to biodiversity,” said Wael Sawan, director of Shell Integrated Gas, Renewables and Energy Solutions. “We can expedite the large-scale deployment of offshore wind in the Netherlands and elsewhere. This will be possible through the success of this offshore wind facility at Hollandse Kust. The project is in line with Shell’s Powering Progress strategy. It aims to provide more and cleaner energy for use at home, on the go, and at work.”
Kees-Jan Rameau, chief strategic growth officer at Eneco, stated: “We were at the forefront of the development of offshore wind in the Netherlands, working with Shell. It’s wonderful that Ecowende is entering a new phase with nature as the foundation. This is completely consistent with our desire to live and operate within the planet’s natural boundaries.”
Hollandse Kust Zuid Wind Farm Project Overview
Hollandse Kust Zuid Wind Farm (HKZ) is an offshore wind farm that is under construction since 2021 on an approximately 235.8km² piece of land located about 18 kilometers off the coast of the Netherlands, in the area between The Hague and Zandvoort.
Dubbed “the Hollandse Kust (zuid) Wind Farm Zone (HKZWFZ)” the land is subdivided into four sites. Sites I and II cover a total area of approximately 115km², while sites III and IV span across 110km².
The wind farm is being developed by Vattenfall, a Swedish multinational power company owned by the Swedish State, at a cost of US$ 1.6bn and on a subsidy-free basis making the Hollandse Kust Zuid Wind Farm the first subsidy-free wind farm in Europe.
A total of 140 units of the new SG 10.0-193 DD offshore wind turbines, featuring Integral Blade manufacturing and direct-drive technologies will be installed at the sites. The turbines, manufactured by Siemens Gamesa, have a rotor diameter of 193m, a blade length of 94m, a swept area of 29,300m², and a rated power of 10MW.
Upon completion, approximately in 2023, the Hollandse Kust Zuid Wind Farm will have a total generation capacity of 1.5MW. It will be the largest offshore wind farm in the Netherlands and the second largest in the world after the Dogger Bank Wind Farm which is under construction 125 to 290 kilometers in the North Sea, off the east coast of Yorkshire, England.
Dogger Bank Wind Farm is being developed by the Forewind consortium in two phases, Creyke Beck A and B is the first phase, and Teesside A and B is the second. Upon completion, the firm will have a total of four offshore wind farms, each with a capacity of up to 1.2 GW, for a combined capacity of 4.8 GW.
The power generated by the turbines at the Hollandse Kust Zuid wind farm zone will be gathered and transmitted through 66kV cables to two offshore substations namely Hollandse Kust (zuid) Alpha and Hollandse Kust (zuid) Beta, each with AC connections of 700MW capacity.
At the substations, the power will be stepped up to 220kV and then transmitted onshore through two 220kV cables to the existing onshore 380kV Maasvlakte high-voltage substation, before being connected further to the south ring of the TenneT-operated Randstad 380kV line and then to the national high-voltage network for distribution.
TenneT is a leading European electricity transmission system operator (TSO), with activities in the Netherlands and Germany, and it will be responsible for the development and operation of the transmission infrastructure of the Hollandse Kust Zuid Wind Farm.
Hollandse Kust Zuid Wind Farm Project timeline
The Netherlands Government awarded a tender for the construction and operation of the first two parcels of Hollandse Kust Zuid Wind Farm (Zone Sites I and II) to Chinook CV, a subsidiary of Vattenfall.
Vattenfall received permits for the construction and operation of Hollandse Kust Zuid I and II offshore wind farms from the Dutch Minister of Economic Affairs and Climate Policy.
TenneT and Vattenfall signed agreements for the offshore grid connection of the Hollandse Kust Zuid I and II projects via the Hollandse Kust Zuid Alpha offshore platform.
March 2019: The initial preparatory works for the first two parcels of the Hollandse Kust Zuid Wind Farm (Zone Sites I and II) began.
Vattenfall selected Seaway 7 to transport and install a total of 76 monopile foundations and infield cables for zone sites I and II.
Vattenfall won the tender for the remaining two parcels (Zone Sites III and IV).
Subsea 7 was contracted for the transportation and installation of monopile foundations and cables for zone sites III and IV
Vattenfall took the final investment decision on the wind farm and agreed to sell a 49.5% stake in the Hollandse Kust Zuid Wind Farm to BASF, a German chemicals company, for a consideration of US$ 353M.
Netherlands plans to have the world’s largest offshore wind farm.
The Netherlands has announced plans to construct the world’s largest offshore wind farm that will be located in the country’s Dutch North Sea.
The wind farm named the Hollandse Kust Zuid 1-4 offshore wind energy project will be constructed by Vattenfall without any subsidy and will have a capacity of 1.5 GW, making it the largest offshore wind farm both in the Netherlands and on the globe.
It is expected to begin operations by 2023 with 140 11 MW wind turbines from manufacturer Siemens Gamesa, which will be the first to be installed offshore. Vattenfall will use its new state-of-the-art facilities located in the port of IJmuiden for the new operations and for the maintenance of the farm.
The world’s offshore wind farm will be connected to two substations managed by the Dutch company Tennet.
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Vattenfall won the contract for the construction of Hollandse Kust Zuid after winning the two unsubsidized auctions in 2018 and 2019. But they ended up merging the two projects into one, thus simplifying the process of development and investment and making one large project which later will be dubbed as the world’s largest.
Magnus Hall, CEO of Vattenfall, clarified that “the commitment to the Hollandse Kust Zuid project is due to the company’s commitment to producing electricity free of fossil fuels for both the Netherlands and Europe. And the final decision to proceed with this investment shows that despite the crisis caused by Covid-19, the goal remains to live without fossil fuels in one generation ”.
Hollandse Kust Zuid, in addition to providing affordable, clean energy, will also be a major infrastructure investment that will generate significant savings and jobs in these uncertain economic times brought about by the global pandemic.
And due to the excellent cooperation with our national and international partners, we are well prepared to take the next step to carry out this historic project,” said Gunnar Groeble, Senior Vice President and Head of the Wind Power Area at Vattenfall.
March 2021: Air Liquide entered into a 15 year PPA to off-take 100GWh generated at the Hollandse Kust Zuid wind farm
Air Liquide, a French industrial gas producer, entered into a 15-year power purchase agreement (PPA) to off-take 100GWh of clean energy generated by the wind farm to power its factories in the Netherlands.
July 2021: first of the 140 monopile foundations installed
Seaway 7, which is in charge of transporting and installing the Hollandse Kust Zuid wind farm’s monopile foundations, and 315 kilometers of 66 kV inter-array grid cables, installed the first of the 140 TP-less monopile foundations supplied by Sif.
Aug 2021: Siemens Gamesa gets cracking on hollandse kust zuid turbines
Siemens Gamesa started the serial production of the SG 11.0-200 DD wind turbines for the 1.5 GW Hollandse Kust Zuid offshore wind farm at its facilities in Cuxhaven, Germany according to 8.2 Consulting AG, the company selected by Vattenfall to supervise the production of the 140 turbines for the project.
8.2 Consulting had already carried out the supervision of the pre-serial production of five units manufactured in Brande, Denmark, which had been going on for almost a year until the end of July.
Dec 2021: Hollandse Kust (zuid) Alpha platform’s offshore transformer station successfully installed
The Hollandse Kust (zuid) Alpha platform’s offshore transformer station was successfully installed on the jacket in the North Sea, approximately 20 kilometers off the coast of The Hague.
The transformer station, also called the topside, is one of the two topsides of the Hollandse Kust (zuid) offshore grid that will connect the offshore wind farm area with the same name to the Dutch onshore high-voltage grid.
This same month Muehlhan Wind Service (MWS) signed an EPC contract with Siemens Gamesa for mechanical and electrical pre-assembly work for the Hollandse Kust Zuid Wind Farm.
The contract includes complete mechanical and electrical pre-assembly work for 140 Siemens Gamesa 11 MW wind turbines, including all crane and lifting operations as well as ground transportation of nacelles, blades, and towers for each phase of the project.
The pre-assembly work, which will take place at the Port of Rotterdam, is scheduled to begin in January 2022.
The Hollandse Kust Zuid Wind Farm which when completed will be the second-largest offshore wind farm is to receive the first serially-manufactured SG 11.0-200 DD nacelle that left the Siemens Gamesa factory. The factory has been converted and upgraded for the new product generation over several months since the summer.
Speaking on this milestone, Anton Bak, Siemens Gamesa’s plant manager in Cuxhaven said, “Rolling out the first serially-manufactured SG 11.0-200 DD is a terrific start to the year, but I am very proud that we managed to stay on schedule and carried out a smooth product changeover at the plant despite the adversities of the COVID-19 pandemic.”
Compared to the predecessor model, the annual energy production of the SG 11.0-200 DD gearless direct-drive model is increased by up to 40 percent and the turbines have an output of 11 MW.
The top side of the second offshore transformer platform built to supply Vattenfall’s Hollandse Kust Zuid offshore wind farm in the Dutch North Sea has been installed by Dutch grid operator TenneT.
Tennet had Allseas install the 3,950 t Hollandse Kust Zuid Beta topside on a previously installed jacket following the installation of the first transformer platform, the Hollandse Kust Zuid Alpha, in December 2021. On a foggy Monday in the North Sea off Scheveningen, Allseas utilized its massive Pioneering Spirit installation vessel to lift and install the topside, which had just arrived from Dubai.
Interestingly, the project had a fright in February when a drifting bulker damaged the jacket in heavy weather, barely a month before the intended topside installation. However, a second assessment by TenneT revealed that the jacket had only minor damage and that it was safe to attach the topside, preventing any potential delays. It was recognized that a total loss, which fortunately did not occur, would have resulted in a protracted project delay and significant additional expenditures.
Offshore transformer platform ready for connection to Vattenfall’s wind turbines
The HKZ Beta High Voltage Alternating Current (HVAC) offshore transformer platform, constructed by Petrofac and Drydocks World Dubai, will now be ready for connection to Vattenfall’s wind turbines. TenneT reports that the Hollandse Kust Zuid Alpha transformer platform, which will be utilized to connect offshore wind farms Hollandse Kust (zuid) I and II, is now operational.
“TenneT completed the offshore grid link installation and energization. Vattenfall, the developer of wind farms, can now link the wind turbines to the high voltage grid,” said TenneT in a statement. “With the energization of the Hollandse Kust (zuid) Alpha link, the offshore grid that TenneT is creating in the North Sea is starting to take shape,” added Marco Kuijpers, Director of Large Projects Offshore.
Hollandse Kust (zuid) Alpha, with a capacity of 700 MW, is the first offshore wind farm to be connected to the Maasvlakte. Later this year, the energization of Hollandse Kust (zuid) Beta will add 700 MW from wind farms Hollandse Kust (zuid) III and IV.
Installation of turbines for the 1,4 GW offshore wind farm
The platforms are part of the grid link that connects the offshore wind farm zone to the Dutch mainland at the Maasvlakte. The Hollandse Kust Zuid (HKZ) wind farm zone is located 20 kilometers off the coast of the Dutch province of Zuid-Holland and encompasses an area of 235.8 km2.
The platforms will convert the voltage of the electricity generated by the wind turbines from 66 kV to 220 kV and transport it to shore via subsea cables to an electrical substation at the Maasvlakte. TenneT stated that the voltage is converted to 380 kV at this substation. Finally, the electricity is delivered to the high voltage grid via the Randstad 380 kV Zuidring high voltage station. It was revealed that the installation of turbines for a 1,4 GW offshore wind farm project is set to begin in the coming weeks.
During a press tour hosted by TenneT, where members of the media, were able to sail around the two platforms aboard Chevalier Floatel’s DP Galyna, multiple transition pieces were installed on monopile foundations and ready to host Siemens Gamesa’s powerful 11MW wind turbines. Construction on what will be the world’s largest wind farm once operational is being completed in stages. The first phase, according to Vattenfall’s annual report, began in 2021 with the installation of the first 34 monopiles. The installation of the remaining 106 monopiles began in March 2022, as part of the second phase.
Hollandse Kust Zuid project partners
Petrofac was in charge of the engineering, procurement, construction, and offshore installation of the HKZ Alpha and HKZ Beta platforms, as previously stated. “The safe installation of the Beta topside is a critical milestone in the delivery of this important energy transition project,” stated Petrofac CEO Sami Iskander. “Everyone engaged should be proud of what they have accomplished.”
Kuijpers of TenneT remarked, “I am very delighted that the project was installed securely, and I congratulate Petrofac and Allseas on this.” Wind energy is critical in the energy transition, as well as in industry, and I am happy that TenneT, in collaboration with our partners, can contribute to a more sustainable future in this way.” Hollandse Kust Zuid, regarded as the world’s first subsidy-free wind farm region, is expected to generate enough electricity to supply more than two million households once completely operational in 2023, according to TenneT.
Turbine installation at Hollandse Kust Zuid (HKZ), world’s largest offshore wind farm, halfway complete
The installation of wind turbines at Hollandse Kust Zuid (HKZ), the largest offshore wind farm in the world is reportedly halfway complete. The report was revealed by offshore wind developer Vattenfall, led by its Senior WTG Installation Package Manager for HKZ Søren Andersen.
Andersen said, “We’re halfway towards having constructed the world’s first offshore wind farm that is entirely built without subsidies. This is a major milestone we can all be very proud of.”
Cadeler, a Danish offshore wind installation firm has been installing wind turbines at HKZ. The company is carrying out the works using the Wind Osprey jack-up vessel. The crew working on the installation vessel started back in April this year.
Senior WTG Installation Package Manager for HKZ at Vattenfall said that a lot of credit must go to the installation team. This he explained is because they have stayed on course and delivered the work, despite the challenges they may face. These challenges include the COVID-19 pandemic, unfavorable weather conditions, and prolonged working hours and shifts
First phase of sea cable installation completes in Netherlands
Jan De Nul Group has completed the first phase of cable installation for two wind farms in the Netherlands. The wind farms include Hollandse Kust (noord) and (west Alpha) which are to be connected to the Dutch mainland.
According to the company’s release, the 220-kV high-voltage tests of both sea and land cables for Hollandse Kust (noord) were also completed successfully, from the onshore substation to the substation located 18 km offshore.
The cable installation work on the coast
The cables were laid on the seafloor by Isaac Newton, the cable installation vessel. In addition, Jan De Nul buried and protected the cable in the seabed using several remote-controlled underwater trenchers and amphibious cranes in the surf zone.
The cable installation vessel Isaac Newton picked up the first lot of 90 kilometers of sea cable from the consortium partner LS Cable & System in South Korea in the spring. Following its arrival in the Netherlands, Isaac Newton installed four different sea cables, beginning at the beach.
The trencher Moonfish then went to work burying and protecting the sea cables in the seabed. The Moonfish buried the first section of the two Hollandse Kust (noord) sea cables in the seabed, from the beach up to 3 kilometers offshore, at a depth of 6 to 8 meters in the first phase.
The Moonfish is one of these trenchers, designed by Jan De Nul specifically for this project. The submarine vehicle UTV1200 took over three kilometers offshore, laying the cable up to the transformer station. This ‘offshore socket’ is located 18 kilometers off the coast of the Netherlands.
Four sea cables are to be installed during the campaign
Jan De Nul finished this first installation campaign in October. This was after the summer high season, by burying the two cable sections for Hollandse Kust (west Alpha). The work started from the beach up to 3 kilometers offshore.
The Moonfish on wide tracks was designed and built to lay cables underwater to depths of up to 35 meters. The Moonfish buries the cables in the seabed with its long metal sword and powerful water jets.
A floating water pipe supplies water to the Moonfish’s long metal sword’s powerful water jets. The Moonfish creates a deep trench in the seabed while simultaneously laying the cable at depths of up to 8 meters. The trench is then backfilled immediately. As a result, the cables are safe from future coastal erosion.
Jan De Nul is installing four sea cables over the course of three installation campaigns. The transformer stations of the two wind farms Hollandse Kust (noord) and (west Alpha) will be connected to the mainland via these sea cables. Each transformer station will receive two cables, with a total cable length of 235 kilometers.