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Construction equipment: 5 great dump trucks

Common Dump Trucks

Many of our projects will need dump trucks to get the work done. Dump trucks are used to move aggregates from one point to another and using the hydraulic components to lift up the rear contents so it can fall to the ground. These trucks are available in many configurations and sizes so here we are presenting the dump trucks commonly used in the construction industry. Always remember to check your federal and state weight restrictions or frost prohibitions when selecting your dump truck.

Off Road Dump Trucks

Also known as articulated trucks. Off-roads are big trucks used essentially for mining operations or in situations where large amount of aggregate needs to be hauled. Their big size and heavy load makes them ideal for off-road situations(rough terrain) and not recommended for being used over roads or developed areas and they are among the best when hauling ling distances. They are capable of handling loads larger than 40 tons and up to 60 tons. Articulated dump trucks have a hinge in between the cab and the bed box.

Transfer Dump Truck

Transfer dump trucks are trucks pulled by a separate trailer. The main characteristic of transfer dump trucks is that the separate trailer has a movable cargo container. This configuration will maximize loads capacity without losing maneuverability. The separate container is powered by an electric motor mounted on the tractor that travels on wheels rolling into the trailer frame of the main dump truck. There is variation of a transfer dump truck allowing you to add other cargo containers to the main truck. Be careful, as this type of configuration is not allowed in all states due to weight restrictions.

Side Dump Trucks

Side dump trucks are one of the fastest dump trucks to unload. They have one of the largest capacity of these type of trucks, and they have the characteristic that it will tilt to the side to dump the material into the ground. They offer safety against tipping over although because of their length, they have limited maneuverability. Because of their characteristic, these trucks cannot always be used and they are preferred in projects on which the site has plenty of space and room. However, side dump trucks will carry less volume of load than traditional standard dump

Standard Dump Truck

The regular dump truck is the most common one used in the construction industry. The dump chassis is lifted by a hydraulic ram mounted between the cab and the truck body. It has one front axle and one or more rear axles. The common configurations for standard dump trucks include the six-wheeler and ten-wheeler. They offer great maneuverability, however, they can not be used over soft soils.

Other Dump Trucks

There are other dump trucks configuration although not as common as the previous one. These are some additional dump truck types:

  • Truck and Pup – Very similar to a transfer dump truck but it differentiates by having its own hydraulic ram. It is capable of stand-alone dumping.
  • Superdump Truck – A unique dump truck capable of carrying large loads.The Superdump truck is particularly useful for asphalt and concrete paving applications.
  • Semi-trailer end dump truck– A side dump truck where the two-axle trailer has its own hydraulic hoist.
  • Semi-trailer bottom dump truck– Similar to the semi-trailer end dump truck where the dump feature is a clam shell dump gate in the center bottom of the trailer.The biggest advantage of a semi bottom dump truck is the ability to lay material in a specific location and narrow areas.
  • Double and triple trailer bottom dump truck– Consists of a two-axle tractor pulling a single-axle semi-trailer and one or two full trailers.The biggest disadvantage is the difficulty in going in reverse.


Dennis Ayemba
Country/ Features Editor, Kenya


  1. I can understand how a business could really benefit from getting a dump truck to remove their waste. Getting some help from a professional could allow them in order to be more effective. It was interesting to learn about how a side dump truck is easy to unload, and has the largest capacity of types of trucks.

  2. It’s helpful to know that the transfer trucks are usually towed by another vehicle. My brother is starting a new company this year that will need to transfer a lot of supplies. He needs to get in touch with some transportation professionals that can guide him through this process.

  3. Love the explanation you did on the different types of dump trucks. Now for my job, we have a few of the standard dump trucks and my boss is looking to add to the fleet. Since we do a lot of dirt hauling and dumping, do you think it would make sense to add a side dump? You did mention that it’s one of the fastest ones to unload as that would save us time overall.

  4. Thanks for helping me understand that the superdump truck will be perfect for asphalt and concrete projects. With that in mind, we will have this kind of truck service used. This is because we will have a parking lot created in the front part of the farm to allow possible clients to park their car without getting muddy.


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