Since colonial times, African countries have built transport infrastructure to facilitate the movement of people and goods. These include bridges. Below is a compilation of the top 10 longest bridges in Africa
6th October Bridge
Egypt’s 6th October Bridge is the longest bridge in Africa. Located in Cairo, the bridge is built along River Niles and measures 20.5km. The bridge, which forms an elevated highway, crosses the Niles twice from the west bank suburbs, east through Gezira Island to Downtown Cairo. The 6th October Bridge is also used to access the Cairo International Airport from the city. Construction of the bridge started in 1969 and was completed in 1996.
Third Mainland Bridge
Third Mainland Bridge located in Lagos Nigeria is Africa’s second-largest river. The bridge carried the crown for the longest river on the continent until the 6th October Bridge was launched in 1996. The bridge stretches from Oworonshoki, through the Apapa-Oshodi expressway and Lagos-Ibadan expressway and ends at the Adeniji Adele Interchange on Lagos Island. The Third Mainland Bridge measures 10.5km and was constructed by Julius Berger Nigeria PLC and was inaugurated in 1990.
Suez Canal Bridge
Another one from Egypt. The Suez Canal Bridge is the third-largest in Africa and crosses the canal at El-Qantara. This bridge connects the African continent and Eurasia and was constructed using financial assistance from Japan. The Suez Canal Bridge measures 3.9 km and was constructed by Kajima Corporation.
Mozambique Island Bridge
Mozambique Island Bridge connects the Island of Mozambique to the mainland over the Indian Ocean. The island was formally the capital of colonial Portuguese East Africa. constructed and maintained by the National Road Administration, the bridge measures 3.8km and was completed in 1969.
Dona Ana Bridge
Dona Ana bridge is 3.6 km long and crosses the Zambezi River between the towns of Vila de Sena and Mutarara in Mozambique. The bridge links the two halves of the country and was initially built as a railway bridge connecting Malawi and the Moatize coal fields to the port of Beira.
Armando Emilio Guebuza Bridge
Also located in Mozambique and crossing the Zambezi River, Armando Emilio Guebuza Bridge is one of the longest rivers in Africa coming in at 6th position. Named after the country’s former president Armando Guebuza, the 2.37 km and 16 meters wide river connects the provinces of Sofala and Zambezia.
Qasr al-Nil Bridge
At number seven is Qasr al-Nil Bridge which located in Central Cairo and crossing the River Nile. The bridge connects downtown Cairo to Gezira Island and the Zamalek district. The Qasr al-Nil Bridge was designed by Ralph Anthony Freeman and built out of steel. The bridge is 1.932 km long. It was originally named Khedive Ismail Bridge.
Located in Cameroon, the Wouri Bridge connects Douala to the port of Bonaberi. The 1.8 km long bridge was constructed in the 1950s by the French colonial government. It serves both the road and rail traffic to the West of Cameroon. The Wouri Bridge is now almost 70-year-old.
Tanzania’s Mkapa Bridge is 970 meters long at position nine and one of the longest bridges in Africa. The bridge was inaugurated in 2003 and named after the country’s 3rd president Benjamin Mkapa. Mkapa Bridge crosses over River Rufiji and its construction was financed by Kuwait Fund, OPEC, and the Government of Saudi Arabia through a loan amounting to $30 million.
Katima Mulilo Bridge
The Katima Mulilo Bridge is one of the longest bridges in Africa and located in Zambia along the Zambezi River. The 900-meter long bridge was inaugurated in May 2004. It is also known as Bridge 508 in the Namibian Bridge Register. The bridge also serves as a boundary between Sesheke, Zambia and Katima Mulilo, Namibia
This bridge also in Zambia crosses the Luapula River. The bridge is about 2.5 kilometers log but what makes it impressive is the elevated causeway of over 20 kilometers that rises above wetlands and then another 40 kilometers over a flood plain.
During the rainy season flooding makes these approaches vital in keeping the bridge passable.