The latest on Jabodebek Light Rail Transit
After approximately 20 years of waiting, the ambition to tackle Jakarta’s high road traffic congestion is coming to reality following the inauguration of the Jabodebek Light Rail Transit System. The system was launched by President Joko Widodo (Jokowo) on Monday the 28th of August 2023.
Particularly, Jokowo inaugurated the line to Cibubur via Dukuh Atas-Cawang-Harjamukti PP Station and the Bekasi line that passes Dukuh Atas-Cawang-Halim-Jatimulya PP Station.
Currently, a total of 18 stations connect Jakarta, Bogor, Depok and Bekasi.
Jabodebek Light Rail Transit Project Overview
The Greater Jakarta Light Rail Transit (LRT) is also known as Jabodebek Light Rail Transit (LRT). It is a rapid transit system in Jakarta, the capital city of Indonesia. The system also traverses the adjacent areas of West Java and Banten, which are both within the Jakarta Metropolitan area.
Jabodebek LRT connects the Jakarta city centre with suburbs in Greater Jakarta such as Bogor, Depok, and Bekasi, hence its acronym “Jabodebek”, via three lines. These lines are Cawang–Harjamukti, Cawang–Jatimulya, and Dukuh Atas – Cawang.
The Cawang–Harjamukti line has a total of 12 stations. The stations are at Dukuh Atas, Setiabudi, Rasuna Said, Kuningan, Pancoran, Cikoko, Ciliwung, Cawang, Taman Mini, Kampung Rambutan, Ciracas, and Harjamukti.
The Cawang–Jatimulya line on the other hand has 13 stations at Dukuh Atas, Setiabudi, Rasuna Said, Kuningan, Pancoran, Cikoko, Ciliwung, Cawang, Jatibening Baru, Cikunir 1, Cikunir 2, Bekasi Barat, and Jatimulya.
The Jabodebek LRT project was developed by the central government of Indonesia and it is owned by the Directorate General of Railways (DJKA) of the Ministry of Transportation.
The state-owned construction company PT Adhi Karya carried out the project after taking over from PT Jakarta Monorel. The latter was the initial developer/operator of the Jabodebek LRT, however, its contract was terminated following a disagreement with the Jakarta Municipal Government.
Implementation of Jabodebek Light Rail Transit project
The project was carried out in phases, the first of which involved the construction of the whole of Line 2 from Cawang all the way to Bekasi Timur. It also involved the construction of a part of Line 1 from Cibubur through Cawang to Baranangsiang and a part of Line 3 from Cawang through Dukuh Atas to Senayan.
With a total length of 43.3 kilometres and 18 stations, this phase was further divided into two segments. These are Phase 1A which stretched from Cibubur through Cawang to Dukuh Atas for a distance of 24.8 km, and Phase 1B which was 18.5 km starting at Cawang and ending at Bekasi Timur.
The second phase of the project on the other hand extended Line 1 southwards, from Cibubur to Bogor Baranangsiang. It also extended the other end from Dukuh Atas to Palmerah and Senayan. The cost of construction of the entire Jabodebek LRT is approximately US$ 1.8M.
Jabodebek Light Rail Transit Project Timeline
The construction of the first phase began in early September 2015, and it was initially expected to be operational by the start of 2018, in time for the 2018 Asian Games. However, due to funding, restructuring, and land acquisition issues, the project failed to meet this deadline and was postponed to June 2022.
As of July 2017, seventeen per cent of the Greater Jakarta LRT had been developed.
In August, ADHI completed the installation of the last U-shaped girder on the Jabodebek LRT line at Dukuh Atas Station, Kuningan, Setiabudi, South Jakarta, delivering the First and Longest U-shaped girder Railway in Indonesia with a total length of 43 km.
As of January 29, 2021, the progress of the first phase of the project had reached 82.64%, with the Cawang-Cibubur service cross 93.40% complete, the Cawang-Dukuh Atas cross 81.06% complete, Cawang-East Bekasi traffic 90.02%, and the depot 37.03% complete.
The first Jabodebek LRT train had also been placed at Harjamukti Station, Cibubur.
In April the project was 84.47% complete. The Cawang-Cibubur service cross had reached 93.77% while the Cawang-Dukuh Atas cross, the Cawang-Bekasi Timur traffic, and the depots respectively had hit 84.02%, 90.81%, and 42.74% complete.
The first Jabodebek LRT train at Harjamukti Station, Cibubur had also begun to be tested for the Cililitan Long Range.
As of September 25, 2021, the progress had reached 87.54% with respectively the Cawang-Cibubur, Cawang-Dukuh Atas and Cawang-East Bekasi sections 93.94%, 87.99%, and 92.25% complete.
The depots had reached 55.85% completion, and at the time there were 25 trains parked along service line I.